Mariana Pit, also known as the deepest pit of the world, attracts the attention of scientists and researchers.
Everest, the highest mountain in the world, is 8,848 meters high, while the depth of Mariana is about 11,000 meters.
“We know more about Mars than we know about the deepest parts of the oceans.” Xiao-Hua Zhang who is the one of the leaders who the research, said.
To date, there have been many different researchers who have examined the Mariana Pit.
One of them was Oscar-winning director James Cameron. We started to learn new information about Mariana.
UEA School of Biological Sciences Jonathan Todd said that they collected samples of microorganisms from the Mariana Trench, grouped these samples, and discovered a new group of bacteria that reduced hydrocarbons.
He said that hydrocarbons are made up of only hydrogen and carbon atoms, and that such structures are also found in crude oil and natural gas.
Todd stated that these microorganisms live by eating substances such as oil and reminded that in 2010, BP was used to clean the seas in oil spill which caused a disaster in the Gulf of Mexico. The researcher found that these bacteria species were found in the Mariana Pit quite abundantly.
Researchers, normally due to surface contamination, such structures emerged, but at these depths due to special conditions in the hydrocarbon bacteria emerged, say.
According to scientists, these bacteria also serve as nutrients for germs and larger organisms in the region. In the samples taken at a depth of 6 kilometers, abundant bacteria are found to be deeper.